REGISTRATION OF REAL ESTATE IN COSTA RICA


Ninety-nine percent of the properties in Costa Rica are recorded in the "Public Property Registry,” recorded by a Notary Public.



REGISTRATION OF PROPERTY IN COSTA RICA

Ninety-nine percent of the properties in Costa Rica are recorded in the "Public Property Registry,” recorded by a Notary Public.
This office is totally computerized, with 80 percent of the properties included in the "Land Registry page” system that can be consulted from anywhere by Internet:
www.registronacional.go.cr; in this way a complete study of the property or a "REGISTRY REPORT” can be obtained. The latter report is essential today for any type of transaction: sales, mortgages, rents, liens... this report indicates to us:
the Land Registry page registration, name of the owner or owners, with their identification document number; cause and date of purchase; terrain; characteristics; adjoining properties; location (by province, county and district); easements, mortgages and others encumbrances; declared value of the property (for effects of real estate property taxes); the land registry map number (sometimes) etc. in the municipalities.
A certification of this Registry Report can be obtained in the same Registry, giving the Land Registry page registration number of the property as a reference.
Some properties, very few now, are still registered in the volumes and require a personal search in the Registry by volume, page, plot number and entry.

Real Estate listings in Costa Rica

REGISTRATION ON LAND REGISTRY PAGE

the Land Registry page is the "plot number,” placed before the number of the province in which the property is located (1 for San José, for example); at the end a dash and the sub-registration are added; that is, three zeros for properties of a single owner and another three digits, of the prior one, when there are two or more people with "rights" on it.
For example: if the sub-registration is -001 -002 -003, it means that the lot (property) is divided in three rights that, in general, belong to 3 different individuals or legal entities.

EASEMENTS

An easement is a right that a third party holds on the property in question. These easements can be: access, sight, light, air, water and many others.
Without a lien, is important to take note that when a " transferred easement” appears in a property this may have disappeared some time before, since it almost always means that said easement was generated years ago in the original lot and all its subsidiary properties (later subdivisions) appears with the same annotation, but does not affect it in reality.
Without a lien, before executing a transaction must be requested that qualified professionals study the property, with the purpose of not being found later with unpleasant surprises that prejudice its interests.

NATIONAL LAND REGISTRY

Another important document to obtain is the "land registry map,” which is obtained in the same building of the Public registry, in the office of the "NATIONAL LAND REGISTRY". The land registry map indicates exactly where the property is located, its Land Registry page, its terrain according to the Land Registry and according to the Property Registry, its form, frontage, rear, adjoining properties, etc.

Notes:

1. It is sometimes possible to find major differences between the "LAND REGISTRY MAP" and the "REGISTRY REPORT".
This is due to the property being recorded in the Registry by a notary and this really constitutes what would be the right to its possession. With regard to the Land registry, the owners perform the processes and sometimes are careless in carrying them out. This is why the following discrepancies may be found on the map, with respect to the Registry Report:

2. NAME:
a different name. This is due to the owner not taking care to register the land in his or her name.

3. MEASUREMENT:
a different terrain that is important to be verified and studied carefully. In general, the most reliable measurement is that of the land registry map, since it is almost always more recent than that of the Registry, but it is important to verify it in every case, in particular:
 1. by public document;
 2. new land registry map measurement;
 3. administrative correction by the registrars;
 4. ownership information.

4. BOUNDARIES.

5. LAND REGISTRY PAGE OR REGISTRY CITATIONS:
a different Land Registry page number or volume, page, number and entry. This is almost always due to the map being registered before the subdivision, in that the number that appears is that of the "original lot".

6. LOCATION:
a different province (rarely), county or district: this also occurs due to human error and is simple to correct. In any case, it is appropriate to consider these errors and amend them, to avoid problems at the time of making the transfer

CORRECTING ERRORS IN THE PUBLIC REGISTRY AND THE NATIONAL LAND REGISTRY

 

 

San Jose Land: Curridabat, Desamparados, Escazú, Santa Ana, Pérez Zeledón, San Isidro del General, Aserrí, Montes de Oca y San Pedro, Moravia, San Vicente, Mora y Colón, Goicoechea y Guadalupe, Tibás y San Juan, San José Capital ( Pavas, San Sebastián, La Uruca, Mata Redonda )
Guanacaste Land: Tamarindo, Santa Cruz, Filadelfia, Playa Hermosa, Playas del Coco, Nicoya, Sámara, La Cruz,
Alajuela Land: Atenas, Orotina, Palmares, San Ramón, Grecia,
Cartago Land: Tejar, Paraíso, Tres Ríos, Turrialba, Cartago
Herida Land: San Antonio, Heredia, San Joaquín, Santa Bárbara, Santo Domingo, San Isidro
Puntarenas Land: Puntarenas, Esparza, Jacó, Parrita, Quepos, Península de Osa, Golfito,
Limon Land: Guápiles, Siquirres, Puerto Viejo